Macrobid Nitrofurantoin Monohydrate Macrocrystals and/or alternatives
Macrobid is an antibacterial agent or antibiotic, and its generic name is nitrofurantoin. The medicine is available in the form of hard gelatin capsules containing 75mg Nitrofurantoin Monohydrate and 25mg Nitrofurantoin Macrocrystals, totaling to 100mg Nitrofurantoin. The capsules also contain carbomer 934P, compressible sugar, corn starch, edible gray ink, gelatin, magnesium stearate, talc, titanium oxide, povidone and lactose.
Indications & Dosage of Macrobid
Your doctor will ask you to buy Macrobid for the treatment of urinary tract infections such as acute cystitis. The medicine works by interfering with the chemical processes of the bacteria, resulting in its death. In this way, the growth and spread of the susceptible bacteria is interfered, and the infection is treated.
Patients over 12 years of age will be advised to take one Macrobid 100mg capsule two times a day. The duration for which you will have to take the drug is usually 7 days.
Take Macrobid capsules with food.
Side Effects & Interactions of Macrobid
Brownish or rust-colored urine, mild diarrhea, vomiting, stomach upset, vaginal discharge or itching can commonly occur initially after Macrobid treatment. These are temporary side effects of the drug and are supposed to subside on their own as your body adjusts to it. However, inform your doctor immediately if any of these persist or worsen. Also seek medical attention if you develop serious side effects of Macrobid. Such side effects include:
- Bloody or watery diarrhea
- Shortness of breath
- Sudden chest discomfort or pain, hack, dry cough, wheezing
- Fever, body aches, chills, unexplained weight loss
- Upper stomach pain, nausea, loss of appetite, itching, clay-colored stools, dark urine, yellowing of the eyes or skin
- Confusion, weakness, easy bruising, pale skin
- Red spots, severe blistering, red skin rash, patchy skin color, peeling
- Severe headache, dizziness, ringing in the ears, pain behind the eyes, vision problems
Macrobid may sometimes lead to peripheral neuropathy, the symptoms of which include tingling, pain or numbness in the feet or hands.
Before you buy Macrobid, inform your doctor if you are taking any drugs for treating gout, such as uricosuric drugs (e.g. sulfinpyrazone or probenecid) or quinolone antibiotics (e.g. levofloxacin or ciprofloxacin).
This drug may decrease the effectiveness of hormonal contraceptives such as rings, patches or pills. Therefore, try using a barrier form of contraception during Macrobid treatment, such as diaphragms and condoms.
In addition to these, inform your doctor about all the other drugs you are using at present, including prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines, health supplements and herbal preparations.
Warnings & Precautions of Macrobid
Do not take Macrobid if you have an allergy to Nitrofurantoin, or to any other active or inactive ingredient of the medicine.
Do not use Macrobid if you have severe kidney disease, decreased or stopped urination, a history of liver problems or jaundice due to Macrobid, or if you are going through the third trimester of pregnancy.
Special tests and dosage adjustments will be needed if you have anemia, diabetes, kidney disease, electrolyte imbalance, vitamin B deficiency, G6PD deficiency, or any debilitating disease.
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