Lexapro Escitalopram Oxalate and/or alternatives
Lexapro is an antidepressant which may be prescribed to children above 12 years and adults with major depressive disorders. Escitalopram, the active ingredient present in Lexapro, is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor and works by controlling certain chemicals in the brain that lead to depression and anxieties. Patients may buy Lexapro in the form of tablets or as oral solutions. The tablets are supplied in three different strengths- Lexapro 5mg, 10mg and 20mg. The 240ml Lexapro oral solution contains escitalopram at the rate of 1mg per ml.
The generic name for Lexapro is Escitalopram Oxalate.
Indications & Dosage of Lexapro
Patients suffering from any of the following disorders and fulfilling the conditions can buy Lexapro with doctor’s advice:
- Unipolar disorder (also known as major depressive disorder or MDD) in individuals over the age of 12.
- Generalized Anxiety disorder (or GAD) in people over 18 years.
Dosage of Lexapro is highly individualized and ascertained as per the doctor’s evaluation. The general idea about the dosage recommended usually (without reference to other medications, health conditions, etc.) is given as under:
- MDD- for children (12-17 years): Starting daily dose is 10mg administered as one tablet. This may be increased to 20 mg after a minimum period of 3 weeks.
- MDD- for adults (above 18 years): Initial dose is a single 10mg tablet, taken once a day. If the doctor thinks a required increase in dosage, 20mg tablets (once daily) may be taken after a minimum period of 1 week.
- GAD- for adults: 10mg tablets should be taken once a day for at least 7 days before the daily dosage can be increased to 20mg.
It is preferable to use Lexapro once a day. The dosage prescribed by the doctor should be adhered to.
Side Effects & Interactions of Lexapro
There are many potentially harmful side effects of Lexapro. Not all patients using this medicine will experience them. Many may or may not have only mild reactions to Lexapro. Some of the minor effects of this drug are:
- Changes in weight
- Decreased sexual ability
- Gut related problems like constipation, gas
- Nausea, dizziness
The more serious effects of Lexapro should be immediately reported to a doctor. Some of them are:
- Muscle rigidity
- Restlessness, anxiety, hostility and other worsening symptoms of depressive disorders like suicidal thoughts etc.
- Confusion, balance problems, hallucinations, memory loss, weakness
- Severe nausea and vomiting, fainting, convulsions
The physician should be made aware of all the other drugs being consumed by the patient to avoid adversities that stem from drug interactions. Lexapro is known to interact majorly with some categories of medicines like MAO inhibitors, NSAIDs, allergy medications, relaxants, carbamazepine, lithium, antidepressants, warfarin, cimetidine and triptans.
Lexapro interacts with alcohol, which should be avoided during treatment.
Warnings & Precautions of Lexapro
Patients should notify their usage of MAO inhibitors like as they may contraindicate the use of Lexapro. Also, patients relating to the following conditions should consult their doctors before using Lexapro: bipolar disorder, history of suicidal attempts or drug addictions, seizures/epilepsy and renal or liver disorder.
Lexapro may cause birth defects in the child if taken during pregnancy. It also passes into breast milk and may harm an infant being breast fed by a Lexapro patient.
Suicidal thoughts and worsening of depression may occur before Lexapro becomes fully effective.
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